Judaism and Early Christianity THL 303

Judaism and Early Christianity THL 303

Judaism and Early Christianity THL 303 (Bachelor of Theology) is being taught at United Theological College Sydney in 2018 Session 1 by Jeff Aernie.

This subject explores the rise of Judaism following the Babylonian exile (mid-sixth century BCE) to the second century CE. It examines the influence of Hellenism, the Maccabean revolt, Judea under Herod and Rome, the two Jewish Wars, sectarian Judaism and Jewish beliefs and institutions in the first century CE. The rise of early Christianity within the context of formative Judaism and the competing responses of these two movements to the destruction of the temple in 70 CE are examined.

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Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:

  • be able to discuss the rise of Judaism from the mid-sixth century BCE to the second century CE
  • be able to identify major Jewish groups prior to the Jewish war of 66-70 CE and their distinguishing features
  • be able to demonstrate a knowledge of Jewish institutions in the first centuries BCE and CE
  • be able to demonstrate a knowledge of Rabbinic traditions and their principal literary expressions
  • be able to discuss Jesus within the context of formative Judaism
  • be able to discuss the rise of early Christianity within the context of formative Judaism
  • be able to demonstrate critical engagement with both primary biblical materials and secondary literature
  • demonstrate self-guided learning, including research, writing and communication skills

Syllabus

The subject will cover the following topics:

  • The development of Judaism from the sixth century BCE to the second century CE
  • An examination of evidence relating to sectarian Judaism
  • Josephus, Philo and the Dead Sea Scrolls as sources for understanding formative Judaism and early Christianity
  • Torah and messiah in sectarian Judaism (including early Christianity)
  • The impact upon Judaism of Hellenism, Roman occupation and Herodian rule
  • Jewish sages and the development of rabbinic Judaism
  • Jesus in the context of Judaism
  • Diverse expressions of early Christianity in relation to Judaism